LAS CRUCES — What miracle food can both whet and curb your appetite, deliver mega vitamins, cheer you up, ease aches and pains, clear your sinuses, rev up your metabolism and lots more?
If you know the official New Mexico state vegetable and the answer to our official state question (“red or green?”) you can also identify our milagro cure-all: the chile pepper!
Chiles can deliver a wide range of health benefits, according to New Mexico State University Regents Professor of Horticulture Paul Bosland, director of NMSU’s Chile Pepper Institute, and his colleague, Danise Coon.
The active ingredient in chili peppers called capsaicin can slightly increase the metabolic rate of the body and burn more calories from a meal. The study also showed that chili peppers can help stabilize the blood sugar and lower the levels of insulin in the body by studying 2 groups of people and giving them meals without chili and the other group with chili. Results showed that chili peppers have a significant effect on the group who ate meals with chili peppers compared to the other group. Aside from these findings, chili peppers have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
These days, the human taste buds that formed the Scoville scale have fallen out of favor for measuring chili peppers’ heat. High-performance liquid chromatography is used instead. It can measure the varying amounts of capsaicinoids in each pepper and also can accurately gauge a pepper’s total heat.
Bell peppers are a great source of vitamins A, C, and K, and Potassium. Red peppers also contain lycopene, which is a chemical that can help reduce the risk of multiple types of cancers, including prostate and cervical cancers. Orange peppers are the most dense food source of a compound called zeaxanthin, which is known to protect against eye problems such as cataracts and macular degeneration.
All this time, we have thought that pepper is just a typical ingredient that adds up spice for every culinary dish that we love. Peppers are available throughout the year to add zest to flavorful dishes around the world and health to those brave enough to experience their fiery heat. This is the one ingredient that puts fire in your mouth and even tears in your eyes. A recent study though has proven the uncharted properties of pepper as a health supplement.
Pain has been called a “complex epidemic” in the United States. Nearly 50 million Americans live with chronic pain caused by disease or injury. Few physicians or dentists specialize in the field of pain medicine. With pain medication options largely limited to opioids (such as morphine) and aspirin-like drugs, some patients become addicted or dependent upon these drugs, or suffer side effects such as kidney or liver damage. We have discovered a family of endogenous capsaicin-like molecules that are naturally released during injury, and now we understand how to block these mechanisms with a new class of non-addictive therapies.
The main ingredient of red pepper (pepper plant groups), the body endorphin into the brains and stimulate the salivary glands. Endorphins are natural painkillers and gives a good feeling for nature. Pepper also reduce arthritis and diabetes, nerve damage is the basic ingredient.
Spicy Food is enjoyed all over the world because spices add an incredible amount of flavor to food. Cultures all over the world have dishes that excite and stimulate your palate with spices and add heat and flavor to everyday ingredients. But if you like spicy food like chilies, curry and hot sauces, there is so much more to look forward to.
Most Capsicums contain capsaicin, a lipophilic chemical that can produce a strong burning sensation in the mouth. Secretion of capsaicin protects the fruit from being consumed by mammals. Peppers play a big role in Native American medication, and now, modern medicine is now using its health capabilities brought by capsaicin which is mainly used now in topical medications. Peppers are a very good source of vitamin A, vitamin C and dietary fiber. They are also a good source of iron and potassium. In addition to this, it includes a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.